The Glutathione-S-transferases exist as cytosolic, mitochondrial, and microsomal which can participate in signal transduction by not phosphorylating any factor that is directly involved in which cell growth and death. This signal transduction is considered to be a new way of implication in cell metabolic pathways due to the influence of external, such as xenobiotics and UV radiation, and internal, such as oxidative stress, free radicals, etc., agents. The GST binding assay studies revealed that they participate in the inhibition of various proteins, for example, phosphoproteins, AP-1, JNK, etc., in the systems to regulate cell mechanisms during cell synthesis.
Biomembranes and Signal Transduction
A biomembrane is an enclosing or separating membrane that acts as a selective barrier, within or around a cell. It consists of a lipid bilayer with embedded proteins that may constitute close to 50% of membrane content (Mark Latash 2007). It has a...
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