Chemokines/chemoattractant cytokines are small proteins with a mass of 8–10 kDa. Cytokines and chemokines are effector molecules that play a pivotal role in orchestrating both the innate and acquired immune responses. Additionally, they are involved in cell differentiation, division, and repair. The chemokine’s nomenclature has been established in the early 1990s at the International Symposium on Chemotactic Cytokines in Baden (Lindley et al. 1993) on the base of the N-term conserved cysteine motif. Chemokines are classified into four families: C, CC, CXC, CX3C, where X represent any amino acid residue. CXCL10, also called interferon-γ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), has been initially identified as a chemokine induced by interferon-γ and secreted by a variety of tissues, for example, endothelial cells, monocytes, fibroblasts, and keratinocytes (Luster and...
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