Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

MALT1(Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Translocation Gene 1)

  • Andreas Gewies
  • Jürgen Ruland
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_234

Synonyms

Historical Background

Around the beginnings of the 1990s several cytogenetic studies reported the occurrence of t(11;18)(q21;q21) chromosomal translocations in several cases of low-grade Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Later, Akagi and colleagues identified a novel gene on chromosome 18 to be involved in the t(11;18)(q21;q21) translocation which they named MALT1 as a candidate gene involved in the pathogenesis of MALT lymphoma (Akagi et al. 1999). Already a few months earlier, Dierlamm and colleagues also reported MALT1 (which they named MLT) as part of the t(11;18)(q21;q21) translocation as well its translocation partner on chromosome 11, the API2 gene, resulting in the expression of a 5-API2-MALT1-3′ fusion transcript (Dierlamm et al. 1999). While the function of the MALT1 gene product was completely unclear at that time, the API2gene had already been known to encode for...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Frank Oliver Gorka for thoughtfully reading and discussing the manuscript.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for Signaling in the Immune SystemHelmholtz Zentrum München – German Research Center for Environmental HealthNeuherbergGermany
  2. 2.Third Medical Department, Institute for Molecular ImmunologyTechnical University of Munich, Klinikum rechts der IsarMunichGermany