Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Na+/HCO3 Cotransporter NBCn1

  • Ying Liu
  • Xiao-Yu Wang
  • Zhang-Dong Xie
  • Li-Ming Chen
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101854

Synonyms

 NBC2;  NBC3;  NBCn1;  SLC4A7

Historical Background

NBCn1 is an electroneutral Na+/HCO3 cotransporter encoded by SLC4A7 gene, a member of the bicarbonate transporter family of solute carrier 4 (SLC4). In total, this family contains ten members: (1) three electroneutral anion exchangers AE1 (SLC4A1), AE2 (SLC4A2), and AE3 (SLC4A3); (2) five Na+-coupled HCO3 transporters (NCBTs), including two electrogenic Na+/HCO3 cotransporters NBCe1 (SLC4A4), NBCe2 (SLC4A5), two electroneutral Na+/HCO3 cotransporters NBCn1 and NBCn2 (SLC4A10), and an electroneutral Na+-driven Cl/HCO3 exchanger NDCBE (SLC4A8); (3) two less well-characterized members SLC4A9 and SLC4A11.

The association between the transport of Na+ and HCO3 was reported in 1970s in epithelial cells from different systems, such as proximal tubules (Burg and Green 1977) and jejunum (Turnberg et al. 1970; Podesta and Mettrick 1977). In 1983, Boron and Boulpaep clearly conceptualized for the first time Na+/HCO3...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Liu
    • 1
  • Xiao-Yu Wang
    • 1
  • Zhang-Dong Xie
    • 1
  • Li-Ming Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biophysics and Molecular Physiology, Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of Ministry of EducationHuazhong University of Science and Technology School of Life Science and TechnologyWuhanChina