Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Merlin (NF2)

  • Mateus Mota
  • Rajeev S. Samant
  • Lalita A. Shevde
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101780

Synonyms

Historical Background

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a tumor suppressor gene that when deleted or mutated causes a disorder with the same name. This condition is primarily characterized by benign tumors of the nervous system such as bilateral vestibular schwannomas – originating from Schwann cell – in addition to meningiomas and ependymomas, which arise from cells that make up the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord and from the ependyma, a tissue of the central nervous system, respectively (Petrilli and Fernandez-Valle 2016). The incidence ratio of this dominantly inherited disease is 1:25,000, and 50–60% of cases are caused by de novo mutations with somatic mosaicism. NF2somatic mutations have also been found in...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

NIH R01CA138850 and Breast Cancer Research Foundation of Alabama (BCRFA) grants to L.A.S.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mateus Mota
    • 1
  • Rajeev S. Samant
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lalita A. Shevde
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Molecular and Cellular Pathology, Department of Pathology and Comprehensive Cancer CenterUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham, Wallace Tumor InstituteBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Division of Molecular and Cellular Pathology, Department of PathologyUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham, Wallace Tumor InstituteBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pathology and Comprehensive Cancer CenterThe University of AlabamaBirminghamUSA