The Sir2 family of proteins were first discovered in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The sirtuins, class III histone deacetylases (HDAC), are NAD+-dependent protein deacetylases and regulate posttranslational acyl modifications in organisms ranging from bacteria to humans (Haigis and Guarente 2006; Nakagawa and Guarente 2011). The seven sirtuin proteins (SIRT1–SIRT7) in mammals have a conserved core NAD+-binding domain and have diverse substrate proteins, intracellular localizations, and cellular functions (Anderson et al. 2014; Nakagawa and Guarente 2011).
The sirtuin family of proteins shares a conserved catalytic core of approximately 275 amino acids among most organisms. The acetylated peptide and the NAD+ are bound within a cleft that separates a small zinc-binding domain and a large Rossmann-fold domain. Several invariant amino acids are...
The work was supported (RR) by a grant (R01GM101927) from the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
- Gomes AP, Price NL, Ling AJ, Moslehi JJ, Montgomery MK, Rajman L, White JP, Teodoro JS, Wrann CD, Hubbard BP, Mercken EM, Palmeira CM, de Cabo R, Rolo AP, Turner N, Bell EL, Sinclair DA. Declining NAD(+) induces a pseudohypoxic state disrupting nuclear-mitochondrial communication during aging. Cell. 2013;155:1624–38.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Haigis MC, Mostoslavsky R, Haigis KM, Fahie K, Christodoulou DC, Murphy AJ, Valenzuela DM, Yancopoulos GD, Karow M, Blander G, Wolberger C, Prolla TA, Weindruch R, Alt FW, Guarente L. SIRT4 inhibits glutamate dehydrogenase and opposes the effects of calorie restriction in pancreatic beta cells. Cell. 2006;126:941–54.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ham PB 3rd, Raju R. Mitochondrial function in hypoxic ischemic injury and influence of aging. Prog Neurobiol. 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pneurobio.2016.06.006.Google Scholar
- Shin J, He M, Liu Y, Paredes S, Villanova L, Brown K, Qiu X, Nabavi N, Mohrin M, Wojnoonski K, Li P, Cheng HL, Murphy AJ, Valenzuela DM, Luo H, Kapahi P, Krauss R, Mostoslavsky R, Yancopoulos GD, Alt FW, Chua KF, Chen D. SIRT7 represses Myc activity to suppress ER stress and prevent fatty liver disease. Cell Rep. 2013;5:654–65.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wang YP, Zhou LS, Zhao YZ, Wang SW, Chen LL, Liu LX, Ling ZQ, Hu FJ, Sun YP, Zhang JY, Yang C, Yang Y, Xiong Y, Guan KL, Ye D. Regulation of G6PD acetylation by SIRT2 and KAT9 modulates NADPH homeostasis and cell survival during oxidative stress. EMBO J. 2014;33:1304–20.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar