Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

2018 Edition
| Editors: Sangdun Choi

Bitter Taste Receptors

  • Louis T. P. Martin
  • Denis J. Dupré
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67199-4_101498

Synonyms

 T2R;  Tas2R;  TAS2R

Historical Background

Mammals are able to detect and interpret five main taste qualities: sweet, salty, sour, umami, and bitter, with a possible sixth modality (fat) having been recently identified (Liu et al. 2011). Like all sensory systems, those involved in the detection of taste are thought to have evolved as a tool to enhance survival in new environments and to increase fitness (Fig. 1).
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of MedicineDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada