Encyclopedia of Big Data Technologies

Living Edition
| Editors: Sherif Sakr, Albert Zomaya


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63962-8_271-1


SciDB is a distributed database management system for managing and processing multidimensional arrays in scientific applications. It was first designed and developed by a group of academics led by Michael Stonebraker before being productized by Paradigm4.


The first XLDB workshop (1st Extremely Large Databases Workshop 2007) in 2007 brought together a group of scientists and industry members to discuss the capabilities of database management systems (DBMSs) at managing non-relational data at extreme scales. A number of key shortcoming were identified, which were presented the following year at XLDB-2 (2nd Extremely Large Databases Workshop 2008). The lack of support for managing scientific data was in particular discussed. Consensus emerged that many Big Science projects presented unique challenges that could not be handled through generic DBMSs and would require a complete rewrite approach (Stonebraker et al. 2007).

As a result, a group of scientists led by Michael...
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  1. 1st Extremely Large Databases Workshop (2007) http://www-conf.slac.stanford.edu/xldb2007/
  2. 2nd Extremely Large Databases Workshop (2008) http://www-conf.slac.stanford.edu/xldb2008/
  3. Cudré-Mauroux P, Kimura H, Lim K, Rogers J, Simakov R, Soroush E, Velikhov P, Wang DL, Balazinska M, Becla J, DeWitt DJ, Heath B, Maier D, Madden S, Patel JM, Stonebraker M, Zdonik SB (2009) A demonstration of SciDB: a science-oriented DBMS. PVLDB 2(2):1534–1537. http://www.vldb.org/pvldb/2/vldb09-76.pdfGoogle Scholar
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  5. Duggan J, Stonebraker M (2014) Incremental elasticity for array databases. In: International conference on management of data, SIGMOD 2014, Snowbird, pp 409–420. https://doi.org/10.1145/2588555.2588569
  6. Ge T, Zdonik SB (2010) A*-tree: a structure for storage and modeling of uncertain multidimensional arrays. PVLDB 3(1):964–974. http://www.comp.nus.edu.sg/~vldb2010/proceedings/files/papers/R86.pdfGoogle Scholar
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  8. Seering A, Cudré-Mauroux P, Madden S, Stonebraker M (2012) Efficient versioning for scientific array databases. In: IEEE 28th international conference on data engineering (ICDE 2012), Washington, DC (Arlington), pp 1013–1024.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDE.2012.102
  9. Soroush E, Balazinska M, Wang DL (2011) Arraystore: a storage manager for complex parallel array processing. In: Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD international conference on management of data, SIGMOD 2011, Athens, pp 253–264. https://doi.org/10.1145/1989323.1989351
  10. Stonebraker M (1986) The case for shared nothing. IEEE Database Eng Bull 9(1):4–9. http://sites.computer.org/debull/86MAR-CD.pdfGoogle Scholar
  11. Stonebraker M, Madden S, Abadi DJ, Harizopoulos S, Hachem N, Helland P (2007) The end of an architectural era (it’s time for a complete rewrite). In: Proceedings of the 33rd international conference on very large data bases, University of Vienna, pp 1150–1160. http://www.vldb.org/conf/2007/papers/industrial/p1150-stonebraker.pdf
  12. Stonebraker M, Brown P, Poliakov A, Raman S (2011) The architecture of SciDB. In: Scientific and Statistical Database Management – proceedings of the 23rd international conference, SSDBM 2011, Portland, pp 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22351-8_1Google Scholar
  13. Stonebraker M, Brown P, Zhang D, Becla J (2013) SciDB: a database management system for applications with complex analytics. Comput Sci Eng 15(3):54–62.  https://doi.org/10.1109/MCSE.2013.19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wu E, Madden S, Stonebraker M (2013) Subzero: a fine-grained lineage system for scientific databases. In: 29th IEEE international conference on data engineering, ICDE 2013, Brisbane, pp 865–876.  https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDE.2013.6544881

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.eXascale InfolabUniversity of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sherif Sakr
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia