Encyclopedia of Big Data Technologies

Living Edition
| Editors: Sherif Sakr, Albert Zomaya

Structures for Large Data Sets

  • Peiquan Jin
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63962-8_168-1

Synonyms

Definition

Bloom filter (Bloom 1970): Bloom filter is a bit-vector data structure that provides a compact representation of a set of elements. It uses a group of hash functions to map each element in a data set S = {s1, s2, …, sm} into a bit-vector of n bits.

LSM tree (O’Neil et al. 1996): The LSM tree is a data structure designed to provide low-cost indexing for files experiencing a high rate of inserts and deletes. It cascades data over time from smaller, higher performing (but more expensive) stores to larger less performant (and less expensive) stores.

Skip list (Black 2014): Skip list is a randomized variant of an ordered linked list with additional, parallel lists. Parallel lists at higher levels skip geometrically more items. Searching begins at the highest level, to quickly get to the right part of the list, and then uses progressively lower level lists. A new item is added by randomly selecting a level, then...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peiquan Jin
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and TechnologyUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Bingsheng He
  • Behrooz Parhami
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA