Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Sustainability Evaluation

  • Luis Alberto Padilla
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63951-2_76-1

Abstract

In this paper we argue that there is a difference between sustainability as a concept fundamentally related to sustainable development, therefore having a linear vision of progress toward the improvement of concrete situations, and sustained systems as a concept linked to environmental ecosystems where knowledge needs to be applied using a cyclic conception since the main purpose of human intervention in the environment must not be to alter or distort the natural systemic equilibrium but to maintain it – or at least not to disrupt it – in order to facilitate its recuperation after the intervention. Hence, in order to fittingly articulate the four basic components of sustainable development (social, economic, environmental, and political) and to correctly determine how to teach on the subject or how to implement and evaluate it in specific projects and plans, it is essential to begin by making this distinction, among other reasons, because the most important parameters proposed for the said tasks are the planetary boundaries, the change in paradigms, and worldview of indigenous peoples – especially in those countries with pluriethnical or plurinational populations or those having significant cultural diversity.

Keywords

Sustainability Sustainable development Sustained systems Ecosystems Planetary boundaries Anthropocene Development assessment Paradigm shift Indigenous worldviews 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Brauch HG, Úrsula O, Juliet B, Eréndira S (eds) (2016) Addressing global environmental challenges from a peace ecology perspective. International Peace Research Association (IPRA)/Springer, MossbachGoogle Scholar
  2. Barié CG (2017) Nuevas narrativas constitucionales en Ecuador y Bolivia. El Buen Vivir y los Derechos de la Naturaleza. In: Revista Política Internacional No. 3, Enero-Junio de 2017, Academia Diplomática (Guatemala)Google Scholar
  3. Bruntland, Gro Harlem, ed. (1987) Our common future, world commission on environment and development. Oxford University Press, Oxford New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Carlsen L (2013) NAFTA has cut a path of destruction through Mexico, Center for International Policy. In: The New York TimesGoogle Scholar
  5. Diamond J (2007) Colapso. Por qué unas sociedades perduran y otras desaparecen. Random House Mondadori S.A. de CV, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  6. Godet M (2007) Prospective Stratégique. Dunod, ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Göpel M (2016) The great Mindshift: how a new economic paradigm and sustainability transformation go hand in hand. Wuppertal Institute/Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gudynas E (2017) Ecología Política de la Naturaleza en las Constituciones de Bolivia y Ecuador. In: Revista Política Internacional, Año 2, No. 4, Julio/Diciembre 2017, pp 136–143, Academia Diplomática (Guatemala)Google Scholar
  9. Habermas J (1988) Teoría de la Acción Comunicativa. Crítica de la razón funcionalista, vol II. Altea, Taurus & Alfaguara, MadridGoogle Scholar
  10. Leach M, Kate R, Johan R (2013a) Between social and planetary boundaries: navigating pathways in the safe and just space for humanity, World social science report, 2013. Changing global environments. ISSC & UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Lovelock JE (1985) Gaia, hacia una nueva visión de la vida sobre la Tierra, Ediciones Orbis S.A., Barcelona (A new look of life on earth, Oxford University Press, 1979) (Spain)Google Scholar
  12. Maslow A (1943) A theory of human motivation. How to make the world a better place. Psychol Rev 50(4):370–394 (HTML Mark Zimmerman 2002) (USA)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Max-Neef M, Antonio E, Hopenhayn M (1986) Desarrollo a Escala Humana una Opción para el Futuro. Development Dialogue, Fundación Dag Hammarskjold, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  14. Padilla LA (2017) El Antropoceno: ¿fin de la naturaleza? El desafìo ecológico. In: Política Internacional No. 3, Enero-Junio 2017, Revista de la Academia Diplomática, GuatemalaGoogle Scholar
  15. Sachs J (2015) The age of sustainable development. Columbia University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wake D, Vredemburtg V (2008) Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world of amphibians. Proc Natl Acad Sci 105:11466–11473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ward P (2009) The Medea hypothesis: is life on earth ultimately self-destructive. Princeton University Press, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ward PD (2007) Under a green sky: global warming, the mass extinctions of the past, and what they can tell us about our future. Smithsonian Books/Collins, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our common future. New York University Press, Oxford/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Zalasiewics J, Williams M et al (2008) Are we living in the Anthropocene? GSA Today (Geological Society of America) 18(2):4–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Online

  1. Carlsen L (2013b) NAFTA has cut a path of destruction through Mexico, Center for International Policy. In: The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/11/24/what-weve-learned-fromnafta/under-nafta-mexico-suffered-and-the-unitedstates-felt-its-pain

Great Acceleration

  1. Leach M, Raworth K, Rockström J (2013) Between social and planetary boundaries: Navigating pathways in the safe and just space for humanity. http://www.worldsocialscience.org/documents/wss-report-2013-part-1.pdf#page=21
  2. Wake D, Vredemburt V Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world of amphibians. Proc Natl Acad Sci. http://www.pnas.org/content/105/Supplement_1/11466

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Relations and Peace Research Institute (IRIPAZ)Guatemala CityGuatemala

Section editors and affiliations

  • Nelson Amaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Sustainable DevelopmentGalileo UniversityGuatemala CityGuatemala