Introduction: What Is Ecocentric Education?
Ecocentrism has roots in environmental philosophy, which questions the conceptual dichotomy between humans and environment, acknowledging nonhuman species’ right to flourish independent of human interest (Naess 1973). Generally, ecocentrism refers to a planet- and nature-centered, as opposed to human-centered (anthropocentric), system of values. Inspired by this philosophy, ecocentric education focuses on intrinsic values of ecosystem, environment, and individual living beings and habitats in environmental education (EE) and education for sustainable development (ESD).
Originally, ecocentrism has played a large part in how environmental education was conceived. In part inspired by The Limits to Growth publication (Meadows et al. 1972), EE attempted to develop the necessary skills to address the challenges and foster knowledge, attitudes, motivations, and commitments for the protection of environment, as expressed in the Belgrade Charter...
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