Metrics for Sustainable Development
Metrics for sustainable development are indicators that allow to measure, compare, and report on efforts toward sustainable development integration.
Many higher education institutions have started to implement sustainability in their activities; this includes in educational process as well as in operation of their facilities. In order to enable the path toward sustainability, sustainability assessment tools have become a crucial element (Lambrechts 2015) as they allow the creation of strategies and planning toward a sustainable university. Shriberg (2002) defined sustainability assessment as a way to measure and compare HEIs to each other in terms of their efforts toward SD integration (through the use of SA tools and frameworks).
As indicated by Lozano (2006a), there are three main approaches for assessing and reporting sustainability in organizations: accounts, narrative assessments, and indicator-based. Each of them has strengths and weaknesses, but “in...
- AASHE (2013) STARS, a Program of AASHE. https://stars.aashe.org/
- Ceulemans K, De Prins M, Cappuyns V, De Coninck W (2011) Integration of sustainable development in higher education’s curricula of applied economics: large-scale assessments, integration strategies and barriers. J Manag Organ 17(5):621–640. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.12.034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cole L (2003) Assessing sustainability on Canadian university campuses: development of a campus sustainability assessment framework. Royal Roads University, VictoriaGoogle Scholar
- Cortese A (2003) The critical role of higher education in creating a sustainable future. Plan High Educ 31:15–22Google Scholar
- Escudero M, Csuri M, Alcaraz JM, Goldberg ES, Guevara R, Howaidy G (2016) Transformational model for PRME implementation. New York, NC: UNGCGoogle Scholar
- Lozano R, Llobet J, Tideswell G (2013) The process of assessing and reporting sustainability at universities: preparing the report of the University of Leeds. Rev Int Sostenibilidad Tecnol Humanismo 8:85–113Google Scholar
- Roorda N (2002) Assessment and policy development of sustainability in higher education with AISHE. In: Filho WL (ed) Teaching sustainability at universities: towards curriculum greening, environmental education, communication and sustainability. Peter Lang, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
- Saadatian O, Dola KB, Tahir OM (2011) Identifying strengths and weakness ofsustainable higher educational assessment approaches. Int J Bus Soc Sci 2(3):137–146Google Scholar
- University Leaders for a Sustainable Future (1999) Sustainability assessment questionnaire (SAQ) for colleges and universities. Washington, DC: University Leaders for a Sustainable FutureGoogle Scholar