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UN Palermo Trafficking Protocol Eighteen Years On: A Critique

  • Silvia ScarpaEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

The chapter describes the process that led to the adoption of the UN Trafficking Protocol as an instrument of transnational criminal law and comments on its most debated aspects, including the adoption of the first definition of trafficking in persons in an international treaty, the thin line separating trafficking in persons from the smuggling of migrants and the scarce measures aimed at protecting victims. The problematic aspects, loopholes, and lack of effectiveness and consistency in the UN Trafficking Protocol are discussed.

Keywords

Trafficking in persons Exploitation Definition of trafficking Protection of victims Smuggling of migrants 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political Science and International AffairsJohn Cabot UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of LawLUISS Guido Carli UniversityRomeItaly

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