Trafficking and the Boko Haram Conflict: The Not So Good, the Bad, and the Outright Ugly

Reference work entry


This chapter focuses on the situation affecting women and girls who are trafficked within the Boko Haram conflict. It navigates the entrenched cultural and traditional norms existing in the geographical area and how the conflict poses a double jeopardy for women and girls who are already marginalized. The added element of trafficking, as another author calls it, builds the arsenal of Boko Haram. This crisis within a crisis shows the nexus between trafficking, and the Boko Haram conflict and is categorized as the “not so good,” the “bad,” and the “outright ugly.” The abductions of the Chibok and the Dapchi girls are examples which are discussed, as well as the stigma that survivors undergo. The women, peace, and security agenda; the role of the media; and the role of female hunters provide avenues for addressing the issue. The chapter ends with a set of recommendations.


Boko Haram Nigeria Trafficking Chibok 


  1. Abubakar, S. (2016, November 19). ‘Our lives as ex-wives of Boko Haram militants’. Daily Trust. Retrieved from
  2. Akinloye, D. (2017, August 19) Boko Haram: Horrific experience of kidnapped Chibok girls captured in secret diaries. Pulse NG. Retrieved from
  3. Amnesty International (2015). Nigeria: Abducted women and girls forced to join Boko Haram attacks. Retrieved from
  4. Amnesty International Nigeria. (2015). ‘Our Job Is To Shoot, Slaughter And Kill’: Boko Haram’s Reign Of Terror In North East Nigeria. Retrieved from
  5. Barna, J. (2014). In-Depth Analysis: Insecurity in context: The rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria. Retrieved from
  6. Bloom H. and Matfess (2016)Google Scholar
  7. Bring back our girls. (2017). Special report by the #bring back our girls movement following the return of four of its members as apart from Federal Government, local and foreign media guided tour of the Sambisa war zone.Retrieved from
  8. Caritas Nigeria. (2018). Background. Retrieved from:
  9. Dachen, I (2017, February 8) Boko Haram paid me N200 to detonate bomb - suspect. Pulse NG. Retrieved from
  10. George (2017) We Can’t Forget the Anguish of Boko Haram Victims – UK. Retrieved from
  11. Guardian. (2014, May 6). Boko Haram Leader. ‘We will sell the girls on the market’- video. Retrieved from
  12. Guilbert, K. (2016). Women in Boko Haram fighting, not just cooking and cleaning - researchers. Thomson Reuters Foundation.
  13. Harvard Divinity School. (2018). The Transatlantic Slave trade. Retrieved from
  14. Human rights watch (2016) Nigeria: Officials abusing displaced women, girls. Retrieved from
  15. Human rights watch. (2017). UN Security Council: Protect Education from Attack. Retrieved from
  16. Ibrahim, I (2017, August 5) Shocking: Parents donate daughters to Boko Haram for suiciding bombing, Nigerian Army says. Premium Times, Retrieved from
  17. Lillie, M. (2014). Beyond Boko Haram: Human Trafficking in Nigeria. Retrieved from
  18. International crisis group (2016)Google Scholar
  19. Marama, N (2018. March 3) Dapchi: How insurgent abducted our school girls – Residents. Vanguard Nigeria. Retrieved from
  20. Nwaubani A T. (2017, February 11) how Boko Haram brides fear returning to lives without power, sex, slaves. Premium Times. Retrieved from
  21. O’Malley, B. (January – march 2018). When going to school is an act of faith. The UNESCO courier. (e-issn 2220–2293) Retrieved from
  22. Obaji, P. (2017) inside the trafficking of a boko haram rape victim. Retrieved from
  23. Omojuwa. (2016). 61 captured girls married to Boko Haram fighter – report. Retrieved from
  24. Osimen, G.U., Pedro O., & Ahmed T.M. (2014). Human Trafficking and Interface of Slavery in the 21st Century in Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences.4 (21). Retrieved from
  25. Petal, K. (2014). Boko Haram: Spotlight on Human Trafficking. Retrieved from
  26. Sahara Reporters. (2016, OCT 31). President Buhari Calls for Investigation into IDP Abuse. Retrieved from
  27. Shelley, D. (2018). Isis – Boko Haram and the Growing role of Human Trafficking. Retrieved from
  28. Taub, B. (2017, April 10)“The Desperate Journey of a Trafficked Girl”. The New Yorker. Retrieved from
  29. Toogood, K. (2016). ‘Bad Blood’: Perceptions of Children Born of Conflict Related Sexual Violence and Women and Girls Associated with Boko Haram in Northeast Nigeria. Retrieved from
  30. Toromade, S. (2017, Nov 6). 26 Nigerian girls, women killed at sea. Pulse NG. Retrieved from
  31. Wilken, D. (2017) Trafficking the Innocent: Building Boko Haram’s Arsenal. Retrieved from

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer International Publishing AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Widows Development Organisation (WiDO)AbujaNigeria

Personalised recommendations