Exploring Human Rights in the Context of Enforcement-Based Anti-trafficking in Persons Responses

Reference work entry


Responses to human trafficking are situated within a transnational criminal law framework that aims to address criminal actions through prosecution, while promoting the inclusion of human rights to prevent trafficking and protect and assist victims of trafficking. Responses to trafficking have been critiqued for overemphasizing criminal prosecution at the expense of human rights. This chapter explores the limits of enforcement-based and prosecution-oriented approaches from a human rights lens. Beyond a simple dichotomy between human rights versus prosecution, the chapter considers how anti-trafficking notions of prevention and protection also reinforce enforcement-based responses that result in ongoing violations of human rights.


Human rights Criminalization Racialization Gendered Crimmigration Migrants Refugees Commercial sex work Precarious labor 


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© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer International Publishing AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of the Fraser ValleyAbbotsfordCanada
  3. 3.Simon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

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