Family Violence and Exploitation: Examining the Contours of Violence and Exploitation

Reference work entry


This chapter will draw on recent research in Victoria, Australia, to examine the limits of legal responses to both human trafficking and family violence. It will map some of the critical issues that arise when exploitation, including debt bondage, forced labor, sexual violence, and interpersonal abuse, occur within the context of a relationship between an Australian citizen or permanent resident (most often a man) and a noncitizen who has a temporary visa (most often a woman). The aim of the chapter is to highlight the limits of both trafficking legislation and family violence legislation to adequately capture and effectively respond to violence and exploitation in this setting. Drawing on case studies, the chapter will map key concerns that are challenging how we think about the utility of the current counter trafficking regime.


Family violence Migration Visa status Gendered violence 


  1. Commonwealth of Australia (2011) The National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their Children 2010–2022. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia (Department of Social Services). Online: Scholar
  2. ILO (2012) Indicators of trafficking of adults for labour exploitation Indicators of trafficking, available at:
  3. Interdepartmental Committee on Human Trafficking and Slavery [ICHTS] (2016) Trafficking in Persons: The Australian Government Response, 1 July 2015–30 June 2016. Commonwealth of Australia, available from:
  4. Iredale R (1994) Patterns of spouse/fiancé sponsorship to Australia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 3(4): 547–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lyneham S, Richards K (2014) Human trafficking involving marriage and partner migration to Australia. Australian Institute of Criminology, Research and Public Policy Series No. 124. Canberra:
  6. Maher JM, Segrave M (2018) Family violence risk, migration status and ‘vulnerability’: hearing the voices of immigrant women. Journal of Gender Based Violence, 2(3): 503–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McCulloch J, Maher J-M, Fitz-Gibbon K, Segrave M, Roffee J (2016) Review of the Common Risk Assessment and Management Framework (CRAF): Final Report. Victoria: Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  8. O’Connell-Davidson J (2014) Let’s go outside: bodies, prostitutes, slaves and worker citizens. Citizenship Studies, 18(5): 516–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Quinn I (2009) Violence and gender inequality in cross-cultural marriages. Paper to the Federation of Ethnic Communities’ Councils of Australia Biennial conference, Shepparton: 29–30 October.
  10. Segrave M (2017) Temporary Migration and Family Violence: An analysis of victimisation, vulnerability and support. Melbourne: Monash University. 90 p. PDF: Scholar
  11. Segrave M, Milivojevic S, Pickering S (2018) Sex Trafficking and Modern Slavery – The Absence of Evidence: The second volume of Sex Trafficking: International Context and response, Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Segrave, M (2004) Surely something is better than nothing? The Australian response to trafficking of women into sexual servitude in Australia. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 16(1): 85–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Vaughan C, Davis E, Murdolo A, Chen J, Murray L, Block K, Warr D (2016) Promoting community-led responses to violence against immigrant and refugee women in metropolitan and regional Australia. The ASPIRE Project: Final report. Sydney: Australia’s National Research Organisation for Women’s Safety.Google Scholar
  14. Victorian Multicultural Commission [VMC] (2016) Strengthening Social Cohesion: Meeting Community Needs: A Report on the Victorian Multicultural Commission Forums for Service Providers 2015. Melbourne: VMC.Google Scholar
  15. Vidal, L (2017) Developing innovative, best practice solutions to forced marriage in Australia, Winston Churchill Memorial Trust:

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer International Publishing AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social SciencesMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations