Eastern Approaches to Organizational Well-Being: Ontological Levels of Leadership in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism

  • Satinder DhimanEmail author
  • Mark Kriger
Reference work entry


Today’s organizations have become increasingly focused on matters of doing things more effectively and having good financial results. An intention to focus on deep purpose and being in tune with one’s highest Self are generally absent. This has tended to result in dysfunctional behavior and lack of a sense of deeper inner purpose at both the individual and organizational levels. Some of the major causes of this are repetitive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that narrowly focus on the personal self with its selfish desires. Essentially without inner presence and purpose, efforts at all levels in the workplace become sources of dissipation of energy and fulfilment. The key objectives of this chapter are:
  1. 1.

    To portray how a non-dual Eastern approach can serve as a basis of morality and spirituality in the workplace and increase overall organizational well-being

  2. 2.

    To indicate how the Eastern wisdom approaches (of Taoism, Buddhism, and the Vedanta) point the way to more fulfilling work lives and more effective organizations in the long term

  3. 3.

    To demonstrate the lessons that Vedic, Buddhist, and Taoist philosophy and psychology have for the development of effective leadership

  4. 4.

    To create an understanding of how the Eastern non-dual approaches to Self-knowledge and Self-awareness contribute to effective leadership, authenticity, and work-life integration.


The purpose of this chapter is to create guidance for leaders, based on the values and wisdom from the worldviews of humankind’s great Eastern spiritual traditions. These sources will include Vedānta-Hinduism, Buddhism (Zen and Theravada), and the Taoism of Lao Tzu. The chapter aims to provide readers implicit leadership models which are embedded in these traditions. Through the medium of teaching stories, metaphorical poems, and illustrative vignettes, this chapter provides clear pointers to cognize our true nature as the unchanging, timeless awareness which it is.


Workplace spirituality Spiritual leadership Wise leadership Levels of being and leadership Paradigms of spiritual transformation Inner presence Self-knowledge and transformation 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessWoodbury UniversityBurbankUSA
  2. 2.Department of Strategy and EntrepreneurshipBI Norwegian Business SchoolOsloNorway

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