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Microaggressions and Implicit Biases: Rooted in Structural Racism and Systemic Oppression

  • Kevin L. Nadal
  • Mawia Khogali
  • Patricia Châu Nguyễn
  • Tanya ErazoEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Community violence not only encompasses overtly aggressive interactions, but also includes subtle, structural, and interpersonal types of aggression. This chapter discusses microaggressions and implicit bias in various community and social contexts. Specifically, these types of community violence and oppression are discussed in relation to the criminal justice system as well as academic/educational and occupational sectors. Lastly, a brief overview of the behavioral health impacts of microaggressions and discrimination are provided.

Keywords

Microaggressions Systemic oppression Racism Criminal justice Educational disparities 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin L. Nadal
    • 1
  • Mawia Khogali
    • 1
  • Patricia Châu Nguyễn
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tanya Erazo
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.John Jay College of Criminal Justice – City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of Education and Information ScienceUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.The Graduate Center at CUNYNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Michael B. Greene
    • 1
  • Robert L. Johnson
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeRutgers UniversityNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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