Hydrocephalus in Children

  • Ian CravenEmail author
Living reference work entry


Hydrocephalus is a frequent presentation to pediatrics, radiology, and clinical neuroradiology with surgical intervention often required to divert CSF. The role of the neuroradiologist is critical in understanding the difference between congenital and acquired etiologies and advising on subsequent management. A robust neuroradiological imaging strategy is required to obtain all of the relevant information and allow identification of any associated findings, particularly in hydrocephalus secondary to congenital malformations. Recognizing potential genetic causes can help clinicians counsel families.


Hydrocephlaus Radiology Neuroradiology External hydrocephalus 



Benign enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces


Cerebrospinal fluid


Diffusion weighted imaging


Gradient Echo


Intraventricular hemorrhage


multiplanar reformats


Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus


T1 weighted sequence


T2 weighted sequence




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Further Reading

  1. Barkovich J, Raybaud C. Hydrocephalus. Chapter 8. In: Pediatric neuroimaging. 6th ed. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia; 2019.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologyLeeds Teaching HospitalsLeedsUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charles Anthony Józef Romanowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologySheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation TrustSheffieldUK

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