Allergic Ocular Diseases
The ocular surface may exhibit a wide variety of immunologic responses resulting in inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. Diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis is generally made by thorough history and careful clinical observation. The presence of an antigen triggers the allergic cascade, and, thus, avoidance of the offending antigen is the primary behavioral modification for all types of allergic conjunctivitis (Takamura et al., Allergol Int 66:220–229, 2017; Takamura, J Jpn Ophthalmol Soc 114:831–870, 2010). In the diagnosis of allergic conjunctival diseases, it is required that type I allergic diathesis is present, along with subjective symptoms and objective findings accompanying allergic inflammation (Singh et al., J Allergy Clin Immunol 126:778–783, 2010).
KeywordsAllergic conjunctivitis Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) Giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) Perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC) Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC)
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