Latex Allergy

  • Massoud MahmoudiEmail author
Living reference work entry


Natural rubber is a product most consider essential for living and is used in hundreds of commercial and household manufacturing goods. The major source of natural rubber is from a milky sap, known as latex, of various trees grown in tropical regions. The main source of latex is from a tree known as Hevea brasiliensis, native to the Amazon and now grown in Southeast Asia and West Africa. Two hundred and fifty types of latex protein (Heb v) have been identified, but few are known be to be allergenic. After reports of few cases of anaphylaxis, the harm of latex allergy to the users was identified and became center of attention for research. The initial step was to search for a diagnostic tool, then educate the users, and finally prevent and manage of the affected cases. The trend of our success in understanding the concept of latex allergy, diagnosis, and its management is summarized in this report.


Latex allergy Latex-fruit syndrome Spina bifida Allergic contact dermatitis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General Medicine/Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tim Craig
    • 1
  • Massoud Mahmoudi
    • 2
  1. 1.Penn State UniversityHersheyUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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