Studies on Water Quality of Mokokchung District, Nagaland, India, and Removal of Trace Elements Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Locally Available Bio-Waste

  • Daniel Kibami
Living reference work entry


With an increasing level of pollution leading to quality deterioration, water quality assessment and remediation is becoming one of the thrust areas of research internationally. In acknowledgment of this, a preliminary investigation was done under the topic “Studies on Water Quality of Mokokchung District, Nagaland, India and Removal of Trace Elements Using Activated Carbon Prepared from Locally Available Bio-Waste” which has now come to form the subject matter of this project.

Two aspects of study were taken up which include physicochemical analysis of water quality of Mokokchung district and also studies on the use of activated carbon for removal of trace elements. Accordingly, the studies on the quality of water of Mokokchung district have been presented as one full chapter. Again, the work on synthesis of activation carbon using two different adsorbents has been discussed. Studies of their application in removal of trace elements like Pb has been done using batch adsorption technique which includes effects of various experimental parameters such as initial concentration, contact time, and pH. Adsorption data fitted well with all the adsorption isotherm models. However, Freundlich isotherm displayed a better fitting model; this indicates the applicability of multilayer coverage of the Pb (II) on the surface of adsorbent. The adsorption kinetics was studied using four simplified models, and it was found to follow the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption mechanism was found to be chemisorption and the rate-limiting step was mainly surface adsorption.


Pollution Water quality Mokokchung district Activated carbon Batch adsorption Adsorption isotherm Freundlich isotherm Adsorption kinetics Chemisorption 



The authors acknowledge the staff of SAIF, NEHU Shillong for providing necessary laboratory facilities for analyzing lead samples.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Kibami
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryKohima science college (Autonomous) JotsomaKohimaIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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