Management of Radioactive Wastes

  • Bouchra El Hilal
  • Mohammed Hussein Rafeq Khudhair
  • Ahmed El Harfi
Living reference work entry

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The radioactivity is a natural phenomenon and natural sources of radiation present in the environment. Radiation and radioactive substances have many useful applications, ranging from power generation to medical, industrial, and agricultural applications. At the end of their use, the radioactive elements containing in the used materials (radioactive waste) cannot be destroyed by any known chemical or mechanical process. Their final destruction is the fact either of a transformation into stable isotopes by radioactive decay or of a nuclear transmutation under the effect of the bombardment of atomic particles. The management of the radioactive waste, therefore, consists of controlling radioactive waste and maintaining it at a tolerable level in order to control the risks presented to man and his environment. The stakes of the management of radioactive waste are therefore of several kinds, technical and scientific, but also political and ethical; the fact that certain wastes generated pose safety problems in the very long term because their harmfulness can extend over very long periods of time.


Radioactve waste Management of radioactive wastes Radioactivity Radioactive decay Classification of radioactive waste Disposal Quality management system ion exchange resins Radiological ris Exempted waste Very short lived waste Very low level waste Low level waste High level waste Low and intermediate level waste Waste minimization Safety and security 

List of Abbreviation


Centre d’Etudes Nucléaires de la Maâmora


General Confederation of Moroccan Companies


Conseil National de l’Energie Nucléaire


Centre National de l’Energie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nucléaires


Centre National de Radioprotection


Commission Nationale de Sûreté Nucléaire


Disused sealed radioactive sources


Exempt waste


International Atomic Energy Agency


Low level waste


Ministère de l’Energie, des Mines, de l’Eau et de l’Environnement (Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment)


Ministry of Health (Ministère de la Santé)


Naturally occurring radioactive materials


Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security Agency (Agence de Sûreté et de Sécurité Nucléaires et Radiologiques)


Quality Management System


Regulatory Authority Information System


Radioactive waste


Radioactive Waste Management


Spent nuclear fuel


Technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials


Technical support organization


Very low level waste


Very short lived waste


World Health Organization


Waste Management Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bouchra El Hilal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohammed Hussein Rafeq Khudhair
    • 1
  • Ahmed El Harfi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Agro resources Polymers and Process engineering (LAPPE), Team of Macromolecular and Organic Chemistry, Faculty of sciencesIbn Tofail UniversityKenitraMorocco
  2. 2.Operation Unit of the Radioactive Waste, Center of Nuclear Studies of Maamora (CENM) (CNESTEN)KenitraMorocco

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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