Nickel Nanoparticles: Bio-synthesis Using Citrus Limon Leaves and its Characterization
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Today the global emphasis lies in developing a facile, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method for metallic nanoparticle synthesis. Leaves of Citrus Limon were studied for its applicability in the vegetable synthesis of nanostructured nickel particles (NiNPs). A mathematical model was designed based on response surface methodology for optimizing the process parameters. The results were analyzed using ANOVA. The nanoparticle formation was evaluated by UV-Vis spectrophotometer, laser diffraction method, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, and Fourier- transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. TEM analysis revealed that the particles were preferably spherical, and the particle size results showed good agreement with the size calculated from XRD.
KeywordsNiNPs Citrus limon leaves Green synthesis Response surface methodology
Authors are thankful to World Bank-funded TEQIP-II and FIST-DST project, Govt. of India, for making available the machinery for this research project.
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