Stabilization of Black Cotton Soil Using Waste Glass

  • Niraj Singh Parihar
  • Vijay Kumar Garlapati
  • Rajiv GangulyEmail author
Living reference work entry


Rising population and shortage of land have led to increased generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) in urban areas in India. Physicochemical characterization of such MSW has shown that glass is an important component of such wastes accounting for about 2–4% of the overall waste generated. Though percentage of the waste glass generated is small, in actual the volume of glass disposed of in the open landfills is sufficiently high particularly in Tier-I and Tier-II cities in India which is not only a non-decomposable material but also creates serious handling problems. Black cotton soils are highly abundant in countries like Australia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Mexico, Nigeria, China, and India. In India alone, it covers more than 20% of the geographical area of the country with dominance in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu. Application of waste glass in cement industry and for construction of pavements has already been studied, but very limited study is available on the application of waste glass on the properties of black cotton soil. Since black cotton soils have poor shear strength and are prone to swelling and shrinkage when exposed to increase and decrease in moisture content, they pose severe engineering problems such as foundation heaving, unequal settlements, and cracks in super structures post construction as they contain high clay content which imparts a low strength to the soil and leads to unfavorable volume changes. For these reasons, certain ground improvement techniques such as soil stabilization or reinforcements are required for improving the behavior and the reliability of the black cotton soil. Since waste glass consists of a high fraction of siliceous material, they can be utilized for stabilizing such soils. The book chapter presents the results of utilizations of such waste glass in different proportions and thereby optimization of usage of waste glass for stabilization of black cotton soil by checking the engineering properties of the stabilized soil like Atterberg limits, compaction parameters, CBR values, and swelling potential. Experimental analysis showed that addition of waste glass leads to an increase in plastic limit and shrinkage limit of black cotton soil by 8% and 15%, respectively, after which a decreasing trend was observed. Liquid limit continuously decreased with the addition of waste glass. Further, the increment in the maximum dry density of the soil and decrease in the optimum moisture content of the soil have been observed with increase in the amount of glass content till 9% after which the trends are reversed. Overall, it can be concluded from the study that waste glass seems to be a suitable material for the stabilization of highly expansive soils such as black cotton soil as it will not only improve the soil behavior for construction but will also reduce the environmental pollution in the form of land quality degradation.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niraj Singh Parihar
    • 1
  • Vijay Kumar Garlapati
    • 2
  • Rajiv Ganguly
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghatIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghatIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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