An Evaluation of Usage of Methyl Esters of Jatropha and Fish Oil for Environmental Protection

  • S. SendilvelanEmail author
  • K. Bhaskar
Living reference work entry


Energy sources are an essential input in the areas of any production, but unfortunately the energy sources available not only are limited in volume and quality but also whatever is available are fast getting depleted; preserving is necessary for mankind to develop nonconventional sources of energy that not only fulfills the demand but also at the same time keeps the environment clean or green. Biodiesel takes its place as the most promising alternate fuel because of its renewability and sustainability. More stringent emission standards are being introduced all over the world with the aim of progressively reducing vehicular emission leading research to alternative combustion technologies and alternative fuels. It is high time that alternate fuels for engines are produced from indigenous sources; Jatropha oil methyl ester (JOME) from the nonedible category and fish oil methyl ester (FOME) from animal fat category have been identified as alternative fuels for this investigation. Even though biodiesel offers reduction in smoke, UBHC, and CO emissions due to the molecular oxygen present in it, NOx emissions are higher which can be reduced by using exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). This experimental investigation work though confined to analyzing the performance and emission characteristics with diesel and 20% methyl esters with and without EGR in a diesel engine also has its objective in analyzing the aggregate effect of exhaust gas recirculation with diesel and biodiesel blends. This chapter also reviews the possibility, availability, economic, and cost analysis in depth.


Jatropha methyl esters Fish oil methyl esters Environmental sustainability Pollution control Exhaust gas recirculation Cost analysis 



Us Dollars






Brake-specific energy consumption


Before Top Dead Center




Compression ignition direct injection


Carbon monoxide


Carbon dioxide




Lower calorific value


Direct injection


Electronic control unit


Exhaust gas recirculation


Filter smoke number








Jatropha oil methyl ester




Kilo joules per kilogram


Nitric oxide


Nitrogen dioxide


Oxides of nitrogen


Particulate matter


Parts per million


Revolutions per minute




Sulfur dioxide


Soluble organic fractions


Unburnt hydrocarbon


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department Automobile EngineeringRajalakshmi Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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