Advertisement

Seed Germination and Propagation for Regeneration of Some Medicinal Plants Growing Wild in Semiarid Region of Algeria

  • Souad Mehalaine
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Many plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family, growing in Algerian semiarid region, possess several medicinal properties and synthesize a wide range of potential bioactive molecules that cover different biological fields. A considerable number of plant species of this family are extensively used in Algerian folk medicine, food and pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics, and perfumery. However, the excessive collections and intensive uses have exhausted medicinal plants and exposed them to different levels of destruction and considerable degeneration. This problem has become increasingly difficult with the lack of strategies for medicinal plant conservation and production. Therefore, the cultivation of commonly used medicinal species is the best solution for their preservation and subsistence.

The application of biotechnological techniques such as in vitro germination and in vitro cutting propagation for mass multiplication and conservation of valuable plants is necessary.

In this chapter, we look at four valuable medicinal plants from Algerian semiarid zone: Thymus algeriensis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Marrubium vulgare, and Salvia officinalis. We attempt to give information about therapeutic properties and chemical composition of their essential oils and their antibacterial activity as well as the methods used to regenerate these plants for multiplication in number and sustainability.

Keywords

Algerian semiarid region Medicinal plants Lamiaceae Thymus algeriensis Rosmarinus officinalis Marrubium vulgare Salvia officinalis Essential oils Antibacterial activity In vitro seed germination In vitro propagation Cutting Growth hormones Auxins IAA Cytokinins Kinetin Gibberellins GA3 

References

  1. Ahmad N, Shahid A, Bin Javed S et al (2015) Micropropagation of Vitex spp. through in vitro manipulation: current status and future prospective. J Appl Res Med Aromat Plants 2:114–123Google Scholar
  2. Allali H, Benmehdi H, Dib MA et al (2008) Phytotherapy of diabetes in west Algeria. Asian J Chem 20:2701–2710Google Scholar
  3. Augé R, Beauchesne G, Boccon-Gibod J et al (1989) La culture in vitro et ses applications horticoles. 3ème édition Technique et Documentation. Lavoisier. Paris, pp 8–13Google Scholar
  4. Balbaa SI, Hilal SH, Zaki AY (1981) Medicinal plants constituents, 3rd edn. (Egyptian Dar El-Kotob Cat. NO 4463/1981) Central Agency For University And School Books. Cairo, pp 11–12Google Scholar
  5. Baratta MT, Dorman HJD, Deans SG et al (1998) Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils. Flavour Frag J 13:235–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beloued A (2005) Plantes médicinales d’Algérie. Office des publications universitaires, Alger, pp 184, 196, 206Google Scholar
  7. Bencherif K, Boutekrabt A, Fontaine J et al (2015) Impact of soil salinity on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi biodiversity and microflora biomass associated with Tamarix articulata Vahll rhizosphere in arid and semi-arid Algerian areas. Sci Total Environ 533:488–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beniston WS (1984) Fleurs d’Algérie. Entreprise nationale du livre, Alger, p 47Google Scholar
  9. Ben Jemia M, Tundis R, Maggio A et al (2013) NMR-based quantification of rosmarinic and carnosic acids, GC–MS profile and bioactivity relevant to neurodegenerative disorders of Rosmarinus officinalis L. extracts. J Funct Foods 5:1873–1882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ben Mansour M, Balti R, Rabaoui L et al (2013) Chemical composition, angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from south Tunisian Ajuga pseudoiva Rob. Lamiaceae. Process Biochem 48:723–729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bezić N, Skocibusić M, Dunkić V et al (2003) Composition and antimicrobial activity of Achillea clavennae L. essential oil. Phytother Res 17:1037–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Botineau M (2010) Botanique systématique et appliquée des plantes à fleurs. édition Tec & Doc. Lavoisier. Paris, pp 1021, 1024Google Scholar
  13. Boudjelal A, Henchiri C, Sari M et al (2013) Herbalists and wild medicinal plants in M’Sila (North Algeria): an ethnopharmacology survey. J Ethnopharmacol 148:395–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bruneton J (2001) Plantes toxiques, végétaux dangereux pour l’homme et les animaux. édition Tec & Doc, Paris, p 337Google Scholar
  15. Burt S (2004) Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods. Int J Food Microbiol 94:223–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cardile V, Russo A, Formisano C et al (2009) Essential oils of Salvia bracteata and Salvia rubifolia from Lebanon: chemical composition, antimicrobial activity and inhibitory effect on human melanoma cells. J Ethnopharmacol 126:265–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cheruvathur MK, Abraham J, Thomas TD (2015) In vitro micropropagation and flowering in Ipomoea sepiaria Roxb. An important ethanomedicinal plant. Asian Pac J Reprod 4(1):49–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chiej R (1982) Guide vert, les plantes médicinales. édition Arnoldo Mandadori, Milan, Itali, p 443Google Scholar
  19. Cimanga K, Kambu K, Tona L et al (2002) Correlation between chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants growing in the Democratic Republic of Congo. J Ethnopharmacol 79:213–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Coelho N, Gonçalves S, González-Benito ME et al (2012) Germination and cryopreservation tolerance of seeds from the rare aromatic species Thymus lotocephalus. Sci Hortic 145:84–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Conversa G, Lazzizera C, Elia A (2010) Effects of after-ripening, stratification and GA3 on dormancy release and on germination of wild asparagus (Asparagus acutifolius L.) seeds. Sci Hortic 125:196–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Daferera DJ, Ziogas BN, Polissiou MG (2000) GC–MS analysis of essential oils from some Greek aromatic plants and their fungi toxicity on Penicillium digitatum. J Agric Food Chem 48:2576–2581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. De Vitis M, Seal CE, Ulian T et al (2014) Rapid adaptation of seed germination requirements of the threatened Mediterranean species Malcolmia littorea (Brassicaceae) and implications for its reintroduction. S Afr J Bot 94:46–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Derwich E, Benziane Z, Chabir R et al (2011) In vitro antibacterial activity and GC/MS analysis of the essential oil extract of leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis grown in Morocco. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 3:89–95Google Scholar
  25. Dissanayake P, George DL, Gupta ML (2010) Effect of light, gibberellic acid and abscisic acid on germination of guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray) seed. Ind Crop Prod 32:111–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Džamić AM, Soković MD, Novaković M et al (2013) Composition, antifungal and antioxidant properties of Hyssopus officinalis L. subsp. pilifer (Pant.) Murb. essential oil and deodorized extracts. Ind Crop Prod 51:401–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Essawi T, Srour M (2000) Screening of some Palestinian medicinal plants for antibacterial activity. J Ethnopharmacol 70:343–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Franchomme P (1999) L’aromathérapie, Thérapeutique de pointe en médecine naturelle. Volume І-1. Première édition française. Sinceiro Entreprises Ltd, p 231Google Scholar
  29. González MJ, Marioli JM (2010) Antibacterial activity of water extracts and essential oils of various aromatic plants against Paenibacillus larvae, the causative agent of American Foulbrood. J Invertebr Pathol 104:209–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Guignard JL (2000) Biochimie végétale. 2ème édition Dunod. Paris, pp 181–184Google Scholar
  31. Guignard JL, Cosson L, Henry M (1985) Abrégé de phytochimie. Masson, Paris, pp 123, 205–206Google Scholar
  32. Guinoiseau E (2010) Molécules antibactériennes issues d’huiles essentielles : Séparation, identification et mode d’action. Thèse de Doctorat, Université de Corse-Pasquale Paoli, p 143Google Scholar
  33. Güleryüz G, Kırmızı S, Arslan H et al (2011) Dormancy and germination in Stachys germanica L. subsp. bithynica (Boiss.) Bhattacharjee seeds: effects of short-time moist chilling and plant growth regulators. Flora 206:943–948CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hamman B, Koning G, Him Lok K (2003) Homeopathically prepared gibberellic acid and Barley seed germination. Homeopathy 92:140–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Haїcour R (2002) Biotechnologies végétales, techniques de laboratoire. Edition Tec & Doc. Lavoisier, Paris, p 305Google Scholar
  36. Hayouni E, Chraief I, Abedrabba M et al (2008) Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: Their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat. Int J Food Microbiol 125: 242–251Google Scholar
  37. Hazzit M, Baaliouamer A, Veríssimo AR et al (2009) Chemical composition and biological activities of Algerian Thymus oils. Food Chem 116: 714–721Google Scholar
  38. Heath HB (1981) Source book of flavours. Westport: Avi, p 890Google Scholar
  39. Hopkins WG (2003) Physiologie végétale. Edition De Boeck, Bruxelles, p 514Google Scholar
  40. Kamato GPP, Viljoen AM, Figueiredo AC et al Tilney (2007) Trichomes, essential oil composition and biological activities of Salvia albicaulis Benth. and S. dolomitica Codd, two species from the Cape region of South Africa. S Afr J Bot 73: 102–108Google Scholar
  41. Kothe HW (2007) 1000 plantes aromatiques et médicinales. Terres Editions, Romagnat, p 204Google Scholar
  42. Kousalya L, Narmatha Bai V (2016) Effect of growth regulators on rapid micropropagation and antioxidant activity of Canscora decussata (Roxb.) Roem. & Schult. A threatened medicinal plant. Asian Pac J Reprod 5(2):161–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Laberche JC (2010) Biologie végétale, 3ème édition. Dunod, Paris, pp 136–142Google Scholar
  44. Lieutaghi P (1996) Le livre des bonnes herbes. Edition Actes Sud, Arles, pp 394–395Google Scholar
  45. Longaray Delamare AP, Moschen-Pistorello IT, Artico L et al (2007) Antibacterial activity of the essential oils of Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia triloba L. cultivated in South Brazil. Food Chem 100:603–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mehalaine S, Belfadel O, Menasria T et al (2017a) Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of three medicinal plants from Algerian semi-arid climatic zone. Phytothérapie.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10298-017-1143-y
  47. Mehalaine S, Menasria T, Bouguessa S et al (2017b) In vitro seed germination of some Algerian medicinal plants and the effect of Gibberellic acid (GA3) on breaking dormancy. J Mater Environ Sci 8(6):2034–2039Google Scholar
  48. Miransari M, Smith DL (2014) Plant hormones and seed germination. Environ Exp Bot 99:110–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Misra P, Chaturvedi HC (1991) Influence of inorganic salts on cytokinin induced caulogenesis in leaf segments of Rosmarinus officinalis L. Plant Sci 79:229–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Nikolić M, Glamočlija J, Ferreira ICFR et al (2014) Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and antitumor activity of Thymus serpyllum L., Thymus algeriensis Boiss. and Reut and Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils. Ind Crop Prod 52:183–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Ozenda P (2006) Les végétaux, organisation et diversité biologique, 2ème Edition. Dunod, Paris, p 516Google Scholar
  52. Paul A, Thapa G, Basu A et al (2010) Rapid plant regeneration, analysis of genetic fidelity and essential aromatic oil content of micropropagated plants of Patchouli, Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. An industrially important aromatic plant. Ind Crop Prod 32:366–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Pradhan S, Tiruwa B, Subedee BR et al (2014) In vitro germination and propagation of a threatened medicinal orchid, Cymbidium aloifolium (L.) Sw. through artificial seed. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 4(12):971–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Prat R (2007) Expérimentation en biologie et physiologie végétale. Hermann, Editeurs des sciences et des arts, Edition Quae, Paris, pp 167–168Google Scholar
  55. Quezel P, Santa S (1963) Nouvelle flore de l’Algérie et des régions désertiques méridionales. Tome 2, édition C.N.R.S. Paris, pp 781, 793–794, 801, 806Google Scholar
  56. Riahi L, Elferchichi M, Ghazghazi H et al (2013) Phytochemistry, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Mentha rotundifolia L. in Tunisia. Ind Crop Prod 49:883–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Rios JL, Recio MC (2005) Medicinal plants and antimicrobial activity. J Ethnopharmacol 100:80–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Rout GR, Samantaray S, Das P (2000) In vitro manipulation and propagation of medicinal plants. Biotechnol Adv 18:91–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Ruiz-Navajas Y, Viuda-Martos M, Sendra E et al (2012) Chemical characterization and antibacterial activity of Thymus moroderi and Thymus piperella essential oils, two Thymus endemic species from southeast of Spain. Food Control 27:294–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Shekhawat MS, Kannan N, Manokari M (2015) In vitro propagation of traditional medicinal and dye yielding plant Morinda coreia Buch. Ham S Afr J Bot 100:43–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Teixeira Durate MC, Leme EE, Delarmelina C et al (2007) Activity of essential oils from Brazilian medicinal plants on Escherichia coli. J Ethnopharmacol 111:197–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Tenore GC, Ciampaglia R, Apostolides Arnold N et al (2011) Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the essential oil of Salvia lanigera from Cyprus. Food Chem Toxicol 49:238–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Verma A, Masoodi M, Ahmed B (2012) Lead finding from whole plant of Marrubium vulgare L. with Hepatoprotective Potentials through in silico methods. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed:S1308–S1311Google Scholar
  64. Wang P, Mo B, Long Z et al (2016) Factors affecting seed germination and emergence of Sophora davidii. Ind Crop Prod 87:261–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wichtl M, Anton R (2003) Planes thérapeutiques. édition Tec & Doc, Lavoisier, Paris, pp 364, 523, 538Google Scholar
  66. Zaouali Y, Bouzaine T, Boussaid M (2010) Essential oils composition in two Rosmarinus officinalis L. varieties and incidence for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. Food Chem Toxicol 48:3144–3152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Zouari N, Fakhfakh N, Zouari S et al (2011) Chemical composition, angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of Tunisian Thymus algeriensis Boiss. et Reut.(Lamiaceae). Food Bioprod Process 89:257–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Souad Mehalaine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Exact Sciences and Natural and Life SciencesLarbi Tebessi UniversityTebessaAlgeria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

Personalised recommendations