Seed Germination and Propagation for Regeneration of Some Medicinal Plants Growing Wild in Semiarid Region of Algeria

  • Souad Mehalaine
Living reference work entry


Many plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family, growing in Algerian semiarid region, possess several medicinal properties and synthesize a wide range of potential bioactive molecules that cover different biological fields. A considerable number of plant species of this family are extensively used in Algerian folk medicine, food and pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics, and perfumery. However, the excessive collections and intensive uses have exhausted medicinal plants and exposed them to different levels of destruction and considerable degeneration. This problem has become increasingly difficult with the lack of strategies for medicinal plant conservation and production. Therefore, the cultivation of commonly used medicinal species is the best solution for their preservation and subsistence.

The application of biotechnological techniques such as in vitro germination and in vitro cutting propagation for mass multiplication and conservation of valuable plants is necessary.

In this chapter, we look at four valuable medicinal plants from Algerian semiarid zone: Thymus algeriensis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Marrubium vulgare, and Salvia officinalis. We attempt to give information about therapeutic properties and chemical composition of their essential oils and their antibacterial activity as well as the methods used to regenerate these plants for multiplication in number and sustainability.


Algerian semiarid region Medicinal plants Lamiaceae Thymus algeriensis Rosmarinus officinalis Marrubium vulgare Salvia officinalis Essential oils Antibacterial activity In vitro seed germination In vitro propagation Cutting Growth hormones Auxins IAA Cytokinins Kinetin Gibberellins GA3 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Souad Mehalaine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Natural and Life Sciences, Faculty of Exact Sciences and Natural and Life SciencesLarbi Tebessi UniversityTebessaAlgeria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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