Photovoltaic Systems and Equipments for the Rural and Urban World

  • Mustapha Melhaoui
  • Kamal Hirech
  • Ilias Atmane
  • Khalil Kassmi
Living reference work entry


Climate change and emissions of certain gaseous pollutants due to the burning of fossil fuels have intensified the natural phenomenon of the greenhouse effect and led to an increase in temperature and environmental degradation. This phenomenon is likely to have significant impacts on the climate and ecosystems of the planet. The international community has therefore mobilized to propose alternatives to limit atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, with the objective of halving global emissions by 2050.

The problems of energy resources and the environmental impacts thus constitute one of the major concerns of the world organizations. The alternatives to be developed are the use of clean energies and the implementation of energy politics that use renewable energies (solar and photovoltaic energies, wind, biomass, etc.).

Our proposal aims to facilitate the sharing of information on current techniques in terms of photovoltaic renewable energies, under development, between scientific actors and civil society. It contributes to improving the knowledge of all actors concerned about climate change – means of improving the living conditions of populations in order to achieve sustainable development.

In this context, our objective, in collaboration with the socioeconomic partner sectors concerned with energy and environmental issues, is the development and promotion of renewable energy installations and the use of necessary applications such as lighting, water pumping, solar ovens, and solar desalination.

In this chapter, we present:
  • Introduction on the environment and renewable energies

  • Structure, operation, and results on optimized systems for the production of electrical energy

  • Equipment for acquisition, control, and energy management control


PV system MPPT Charge controller System monitoring Remote system control 



Control unit




Direct current/direct current converter


Maximum power point tracking


Maximum power point


Human machine interface


Management and supervision system


Open circuit voltage


Pulse width modulation


PV panel voltage (V)


PV panel current (A)


PV panel power (W)


Battery voltage (V)


Battery current (A)


Battery charge power (W)


Over charge terminate current (A)


Short circuit


Open circuit


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustapha Melhaoui
    • 1
  • Kamal Hirech
    • 1
  • Ilias Atmane
    • 1
  • Khalil Kassmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, Team: Materials, Electronics and Renewable Energies MERE, Laboratory Electromagnetism Signal Processing and Renewable Energy LESPREMohamed Premier UniversityOujdaMorocco

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental SciencesNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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