Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Informed Consent

  • Nathalie DeFabriqueEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_994

Synonyms

Assessment of consent

Definition

Informed consent is a legal procedure to ensure that a patient or client knows all of the risks and costs involved in an action. It is based on the understanding and appreciation of the facts and possible implications. The subject must be of sound mind and not impaired by intoxication, sleep deprivation, mental retardation, mental illness with impairment of judgment, and other health problems that may affect reasoning. The participant must not be coerced to consent but should do so voluntarily. In instances in which the subject cannot give informed consent, another person legally authorized may give consent on his or her behalf. Examples include legal guardians or caregivers of the mentally ill. In cases where limited information is provided in the informed consent in order to maintain the integrity of the study, ethical issues must be addressed and prevented by an institutional review board. At times, informed consent is implied rather than...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. American Psychologist, 57, 1048–1051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Dunn, L. B., Nowrangi, M. A., Palmer, B. W., Jeste, D. V., & Saks, E. R. (2006). Assessing decisional capacity for clinical research or treatment: A review of instruments. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(8), 1323–1334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fisher, J. A. (2006). Procedural misconceptions and informed consent: Insights from empirical research on the clinical trials industry. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 16(3), 251–268.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Holmes-Rovner, M., & Wills, C. E. (2002). Improving informed consent: Insights from behavioral decision research. Medical Care, 40(Suppl 9), V30–V38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Melton, G. B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N. G., & Slobogin, C. (2007). Psychological evaluations for the courts (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cook County Department of CorrectionsChicagoUSA