Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Independent Neuropsychological Examination

  • Robert L. HeilbronnerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_993


This is the neuropsychological version of an independent medical exam (IME). Independent neuropsychological examinations (INEs) are performed by neuropsychologists who are hired as independent contractors by third parties (e.g., insurance company, disability carrier) to make determinations regarding a claimant’s neuropsychological functioning. They typically occur in civil cases (e.g., personal injury, workers’ compensation, and disability) cases but might also arise in criminal litigation (e.g., to assess competency to stand trial and issues of responsibility for the crime). The responsibilities of the neuropsychologist in the context of performing an INE differ from those of the clinical examination, and there are several areas of distinction between an independent exam and a clinical exam. One primary difference is the nature of the doctor-patient relationship. In the INE, the neuropsychologist is hired as an independent contractor by a third party or the court to make a...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. American Psychologist, 57, 1048–1051.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bush, S. S., & the NAN Policy & Planning Committee. (2005). Independent and court-ordered forensic neuropsychological examinations: Official statement of the National Academy of neuropsychology. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 20, 997–1007.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Greiffenstein, M. F. (2009). Basics of forensic neuropsychology. In J. Morgan & J. Ricker (Eds.), Textbook of clinical neuropsychology. New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chicago Neuropsychology GroupChicagoUSA