Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Expert Witness

  • Moira C. DuxEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_976

Definition

First and foremost, one must distinguish between a “fact witness” and an “expert witness.” A fact witness only provides testimony regarding direct knowledge of the facts related to the issue at hand (e.g., an “eye witness” account of things). In contrast, an expert witness can provide facts but can also offer opinions and report hearsay. Since the decision rendered in Jenkins v. United States (1962), psychologists have been allowed to offer expert witness testimony in civil and criminal proceedings. Still, the admissibility of expert witness testimony is a critical issue. This determination is guided by a series of rules from the Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) Article VII (“Opinions & Expert Testimony”). Specifically, FRE rule 702 states, “If scientific, technical or other specialized knowledge will assist the trier of fact to understand the evidence or to determine a fact in issue, a witness qualified as an expert by knowledge, skill, experience, training, or education,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Daubert v. Merrell Dow, 509 U.S. 579 (1993).Google Scholar
  2. Federal Rules of Evidence (1975).Google Scholar
  3. Frye v. U.S. (D.C. Cir. 1923). 293 F. 1013.Google Scholar
  4. Goldstein, A. M. (2003). Overview of forensic psychology. In A. Goldstein (Ed.), Handbook of psychology (Forensic psychology, Vol. 11). New Jersey: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Greiffenstein, M. F., & Cohen, L. (2005). Neuropsychology and the law: Principles of productive attorney neuropsychologist relations. In G. Larrabee (Ed.), Forensic neuropsychology: A scientific approach. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Jenkins v. U.S., 307 F. 2d 637 (1962).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Department of Veteran AffairsBaltimoreUSA