Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Civil Litigation

  • Moira C. DuxEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_955


Civil law is a division of the law that deals primarily with disputes between individuals and/or organizations, in which some form of compensation may be awarded to the victim. Typically, civil law involves filing of a lawsuit by a private party, called “the plaintiff.” Civil litigation commonly involves hearing related to disputes regarding torts, contracts, probate of wills, trusts, property, administrative law, commercial law, as well as a plethora of other matters related to private parties and organizations. Civil litigation primarily aims to correct an injustice, uphold an agreement, or settle a dispute. If compensation is awarded to the victim, then the person/organization responsible for the injustice is responsible for covering the compensation. In civil litigation, the burden of proof is usually placed on the plaintiff, though exceptions do exist. Punishment related to civil litigation is typically limited to reimbursement for losses incurred by the plaintiff as a...

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References and Readings

  1. Greiffenstein, M. F. (2009). Basics of forensic neuropsychology. In J. Morgan & J. Ricker (Eds.), Textbook of clinical neuropsychology. New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  2. Greiffenstein, M. F., & Cohen, L. (2005). Neuropsychology and the law: Principles of productive attorney-neuropsychologists relations. In G. Larrabee (Ed.), Forensic neuropsychology: A scientific approach. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Melton, G. B., Petrila, J., Poythress, N. G., & Slobogin, C. (2007). Psychological evaluations for the courts (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Department of Veteran AffairsBaltimoreUSA