Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Telegraphic Speech

  • Lisa EdmondsEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_930


Telegraphic speech is a component of agrammatism in which grammatical structure is reduced or absent (Marshall 2017). Telegraphic speech typically contains short, simplified phrases that primarily contain content words (e.g., nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs) of an intended message with a reduction or omission of free-standing (e.g., prepositions, articles, and conjunctions) and bound (e.g., verb inflections, derivational morphemes) grammatical morphology. An example of a telegraphic sentence would be “Man buy book” instead of “The man is buying the book.” (e.g., Chatterjee and Maher 2000).

Current Knowledge

Associated Disorders and Neurology

Telegraphic speech is a component of the symptom complex known as agrammatism, in which grammatical structure is reduced or absent (Marshall 2017). Agrammatism is most often associated with Broca’s aphasia, with damage to the superior division of the left middle cerebral artery, which includes and extends beyond the posterior,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Cappa, S. F. (2012). Neurological accounts of agrammatism. In R. Bastiaanse & C. K. Thompson (Eds.), Perspectives on agrammatism. London: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  2. Chatterjee, A., & Maher, L. (2000). Grammar and agrammatism. In S. E. Nadeau, L. J. G. Rothi, & B. Crosson (Eds.), Aphasia and language: Theory to practice (pp. 133–156). New York/London: The Guildford Press.Google Scholar
  3. Duffy, J. R., & McNeil, M. R. (2008). In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (pp. 543–564). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  4. Heilman, K. M. (2017). Aphasia syndromes and information processing models: A historical perspective. In A. M. Raymer & L. J. Gonzalez Rothi (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of aphasias and language disorders. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Hillis, A. E. (2007). Aphasia: Progress in the last quarter of a century. Neurology, 69, 200–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Holland, A. L., Fromm, D. S., DeRuyter, F., & Stein, M. (1996). Treatment efficacy: Aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 38, S27–S36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Marshall, J. (2017). Disorders of sentence processing in aphasia. In I. Papathanasiou & P. Coppens (Eds.), Aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (2nd ed., pp. 197–216). Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.Google Scholar
  8. Watila, M. M., & Balarabe, S. A. (2015). Factors predicting post-stroke aphasia recovery. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 352(1–2), 12–18.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Communication Sciences and DisordersTeachers College Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA