Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Emerging Consciousness Program

  • Blessen C. EapenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9222

Disorders of consciousness (DOC) is a state of impaired consciousness or awareness as a result of damage to the complex network of neuronal circuits responsible for maintaining wakefulness (Giacino et al. 2014). DOC can be classified into three broad categories, which include coma, vegetative state, or minimally conscious state (Giacino et al. 2002). Due to advancements in military armor and battlefield medicine, an unprecedented number of service members were surviving the conflicts but with increased morbidity (Gawande 2004; Owens et al. 2008). The Veterans Health Administration (VA) recognized a growing number of service members returning with severe brain injury in a DOC state and therefore in 2006 developed the VA Emerging Consciousness Programs (ECP) at the lead Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (PRC) located in San Antonio, TX; Palo Alto, CA; Minneapolis, MN; Richmond, VA; and Tampa FL (McNamee et al. 2012) with each one of the VA PRCs being a CARF-accredited brain injury...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polytrauma Rehabilitation CenterSouth Texas Veterans Health Care SystemSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineUT Health San AntonioSan AntonioUSA