Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Elimination Disorders

  • Cynthia RolstonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9215

Synonyms

Incontinence

Definition

Clinical disorders characterized by inability to control bowel and/or bladder function. Individuals with elimination disorders experience repeated episodes of incontinence, inappropriate or involuntary voiding beyond the chronologic and developmental point that consistent control would be expected. Between ages 2 and 3, most children in the USA are able to maintain nighttime bowel, daytime bowel, daytime bladder, and finally, nighttime bladder control, in that order. The inappropriate voiding behavior may be voluntary, involuntary, or a combination of both, but is not attributable to medication effect, substance use, or general medical condition.

See Also

References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Feeney, D. J. (2005). Elimination disorders: Enuresis and encopresis. In W. M. Klykylo & J. L. Kay (Eds.), Clinical child psychiatry (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley.  https://doi.org/10.1002/0470022116.ch18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PM&RVirginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of VirginiaRichmondUSA