Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Paraphilic Disorders

  • Amma A. AgyemangEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9207


Aberrant sexual practice; Abnormal sexual activity; Algolagnia; Exhibitionism; Fetishism; Pedophilia; Voyeurism; Zoophilia


The term paraphilia refers to any sexual interest greater than or equal to normophilic sexual interests. Paraphilias primarily concern an individual’s sexual activities (e.g., sadomasochistic practices or nonconsensual sexual activity) or an individual’s sexual targets (e.g., interest in nonhuman animals, phenotypically abnormal or physically immature humans, or inanimate objects). Paraphilias and paraphilic disorders are not synonymous. To rise to the level of a paraphilic disorder, the paraphilic interest must be associated with distress or impaired functioning for the individual, or the act of satisfying the paraphilia must result in harm to self or others.


Paraphilic Disorders encompass a group of mental illnesses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Balon, R. (Ed.). (2016). Practical guide to paraphilia and paraphilic disorders. Cham: Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. Khan, C. T., Collins, T. C., & Roberts, L. W. (2016). Ethics and the therapeutic relationship in the care of people living with paraphilic disorders. In Practical guide to paraphilia and paraphilic disorders (pp. 223–242). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. McManus, M., Hargreaves, P., Rainbow, L., & Alison, L. (2013). Paraphilias: Definition, diagnosis and treatment. F1000Prime Reports, 5, 36.  https://doi.org/10.12703/P5-36.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Moser, C. (2016). DSM-5 and the paraphilic disorders: Conceptual issues. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 45(8), 2181–2186.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Turner, D., Schöttle, D., Bradford, J., & Briken, P. (2014). Assessment methods and management of hypersexuality and paraphilic disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 27(6), 413–422.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth University Medical CenterRichmondUSA