Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Histrionic Personality Disorder

  • Cynthia RolstonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9203

Definition

Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is characterized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) by a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking, beginning in early adulthood and present across contexts. Criteria include using physical appearance to draw attention to self; discomfort when not the center of attention; inappropriate provocative or seductive behavior; self-dramatization and theatricality; rapidly shifting, shallow, exaggerated expression of emotion; impressionistic speech with paucity of details; suggestibility in relationships; and overestimation of intimacy in relationships.

Categorization

HPD is classified with the cluster B personality disorders in DSM-5.

Current Knowledge

Prevalence

Prevalence rates hover around 1.8% of the population, with HPD most commonly diagnosed in women.

Clinical Correlates

Individuals with HPD struggle to achieve intimacy in both...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Delicato, C., Di Marco, S., Gattoni, E., Coppola, I., Venesia, A., Marangon, D., . . . Zeppegno, P. (2016). Psychiatric consultations in the emergency room: Focus on suicide attempters with and without longitudinal psychiatric disorders. European Psychiatry, 33(Suppl), S599.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.01.2234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ferguson, C., & Negy, C. (2014). Development of a brief screening questionnaire for histrionic personality symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 66, 124–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Leichsenring, F., & Leibing, E. (2003). The effectiveness of psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of personality disorders: A meta-analysis. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(7), 1223–1232.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Noorbakhsh, S., Zeinodini, Z., Khanjani, Z., Poorsharifi, H., & Rajezi Esfahani, S. (2015). Personality disorders, narcotics, and stimulants; relationship in iranian male substance dependents population. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 17(6), e23038.  https://doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.23038v2.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Sher, L., Siever, L. J., Goodman, M., McNamara, M., Hazlett, E. A., Koenigsberg, H. W., & New, A. S. (2015). Gender differences in the clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in patients with antisocial personality disorder. Psychiatry Research, 229(3), 685–689.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2015.08.022.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PM&RVirginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of VirginiaRichmondUSA