Paranoid Personality Disorder
Characterological disorder defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) as “a pattern of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent” presenting in early adult life and across multiple contexts.
Unwarranted suspicions that others will exploit, harm, or deceive.
Preoccupation with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of others, recurrent unfounded suspicions of infidelity in intimate relations.
Reluctance to confide in others, fearing information may be used maliciously.
Tendency to find demeaning or threatening meanings in remarks or events.
Unforgiving of insults or slights, maintaining grudges.
Perception that others are attacking personal character or reputation and quick to counterattack.
The disorder is classified with the Cluster A Personality Disorders in DSM-5.
References and Readings
- Agnello, T., Fante, C., & Pruneti, C. (2013). Paranoid personality disorder: New areas of research in diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Psychopathology, 19, 310–319.Google Scholar