Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Kleptomania

  • Daniel W. KlyceEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9198

Synonyms

Shoplifting; Theft

Short Description or Definition

Kleptomania is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) by a pattern of behavior involving recurrent inability to resist impulses to steal objects that are not needed for personal use or for their material value. The theft is preceded by a buildup of tension then followed by a sense of pleasure, gratification, or relief at the time of the act of stealing. The theft is typically not premediated (i.e., it is impulsive) and is not part of a collaboration with others. The disorder is distinguished from ordinary theft which is motivated by the usefulness or value of the object stolen.

Categorization

The disorder is classified with the disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders in DSM-5.

Current Knowledge

Development and Course

Kleptomania is exceedingly rare in the general population (0.3–0.6%); however, it may be present in 4–24% of...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Grant, J. E., & Potenza, M. N. (2008). Gender-related differences in individuals seeking treatment for Kleptomania. CNS Spectrums, 13(3), 235–245.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Grant, J. E., Odlaug, B. L., & Kim, S. W. (2010). Kleptomania: Clinical characteristics and relationship to substance use disorders. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36, 291–295.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth University – School of MedicineRichmondUSA