Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Conduct Disorder

  • Daniel W. KlyceEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9196

Synonyms

Delinquent or antisocial behavior; Externalizing behavior

Short Description or Definition

Conduct disorder (CD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) by a pattern of behavior that violates the rights of others or societal norms. Symptoms of CD involve aggression toward people or animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. At least three symptoms must have been present in the last 12 months. The pattern of behavior represents a significant disruption in social function. The diagnosis may be specified “with limited prosocial emotions” if at least two of the following characteristics are noted: (1) lack of remorse or guilt, (2) callousness – lack of empathy, (3) unconcern about performance, or (4) shallow or deficient affect.

Categorization

The disorder is classified with the disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders in DSM-5.

Current...

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References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Frick, P. J., & Dickens, C. (2006). Current perspectives on conduct disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports, 8, 59–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Jaffee, S. R., Kim-Cohen, J., Koenen, K. C., Odgers, C. L., Slutske, W. S., & Viding, E. (2008). Research review: DSM-V conduct disorder: research needs for an evidence base. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(1), 3–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Nigg, J. T., & Huang-Pollock, C. L. (2003). An early-onset model of the role of executive functions and intelligence in conduct disorder/delinquency. In B. B. Lahey, T. E. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 227–253). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth University – School of MedicineRichmondUSA