Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Gender Dysphoria

  • Kristin M. GrahamEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9193

Synonyms

Gender identity disorder; Transgender; Transsexual

Definition

Gender dysphoria is a psychological condition that occurs when an individual’s gender identity and assigned or natal sex are incongruent. Gender dysphoria is marked by significant affective and cognitive distress as a result of the incongruence. The discrepancy between gender and sex and the resultant distress are hallmarks of this condition. Previously referred to as gender identity disorder, gender dysphoria focuses on dysphoria as the presenting clinical issues, as opposed to identity.

Current Knowledge

Development and Course

Prevalence ranges are both higher and wider for natal adult males (0.005–0.014%), as compared to natal adult females (0.002–0.003%). Gender dysphoria may manifest throughout the lifespan; however, clinical presentation differs between age groups. Diagnostic criteria are available for children, and adolescents and adults. Diagnostic criteria for children are usually more concrete, behavioral...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA