Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
Feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) as a feeding and eating disorder characterized by avoidance or restriction of food intake. Symptoms often manifest as a lack of interest, sensory based avoidance (e.g., color, smell, texture), or concern of adverse consequences. Avoidance and/or restriction of food intake must also be accompanied by one or more key features, such as significant weight loss or nutritional deficiency, to meet diagnostic criteria.
The disorder is classified with the feeding and eating disorders in DSM-5. The disorder replaces the DSM-IV diagnosis of feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood.
Development and Course
ARFID typically develops in infancy or early childhood but may continue into adulthood. The majority of individuals...