Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Amma A. AgyemangEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9179


Compulsive hoarding; Possession obsession


Hoarding disorder is a subtype of the obsessive-compulsive-related disorders characterized by persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save the items and distress associated with discarding them, regardless of their actual value. As a result of this difficulty, there is an accumulation of possessions to the point of significantly compromising the use of living spaces. A majority of individuals meeting criteria for hoarding disorder are further specified to have excessive acquisition.


Hoarding disorder is classified with the Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013).

Current Knowledge

Development and Course

Hoarding symptoms usually onset around ages 11–15 years and cause clinically meaningful impairments by the mid-30s. The evidence shows that...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth University Medical CenterRichmondUSA