Compulsive hoarding; Possession obsession
Hoarding disorder is a subtype of the obsessive-compulsive-related disorders characterized by persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save the items and distress associated with discarding them, regardless of their actual value. As a result of this difficulty, there is an accumulation of possessions to the point of significantly compromising the use of living spaces. A majority of individuals meeting criteria for hoarding disorder are further specified to have excessive acquisition.
Hoarding disorder is classified with the Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013).
Development and Course
Hoarding symptoms usually onset around ages 11–15 years and cause clinically meaningful impairments by the mid-30s. The evidence shows that...
References and Readings
- Dozier, M. E., Wetherell, J. L., Twamley, E. W., Schiehser, D. M., & Ayers, C. R. (2016). The relationship between age and neurocognitive and daily functioning in adults with hoarding disorder. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 31(12), 1329–1336.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar