Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hoarding

  • Amma A. AgyemangEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9179

Synonyms

Compulsive hoarding; Possession obsession

Definition

Hoarding disorder is a subtype of the obsessive-compulsive-related disorders characterized by persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save the items and distress associated with discarding them, regardless of their actual value. As a result of this difficulty, there is an accumulation of possessions to the point of significantly compromising the use of living spaces. A majority of individuals meeting criteria for hoarding disorder are further specified to have excessive acquisition.

Categorization

Hoarding disorder is classified with the Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013).

Current Knowledge

Development and Course

Hoarding symptoms usually onset around ages 11–15 years and cause clinically meaningful impairments by the mid-30s. The evidence shows that...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayers, C. R., Dozier, M. E., Wetherell, J. L., Twamley, E. W., & Schiehser, D. M. (2016). Executive functioning in participants over age of 50 with hoarding disorder. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24(5), 342–349.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  5. Roselie, M., Msc, H., van de Kamp, C., van Beem, M., & Cath, D. C. (2016). Subtyping hoarding disorder patients based on theory of mind-a comparative study with OCD and PDD patients. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 26(5), 887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Tolin, D. F., & Villavicencio, A. (2011). Inattention, but not OCD, predicts the core features of hoarding disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49(2), 120–125.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tolin, D. F., Stevens, M. C., Villavicencio, A. L., Norberg, M. M., Calhoun, V. D., Frost, R. O., ... & Pearlson, G. D. (2012). Neural mechanisms of decision making in hoarding disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 69(8), 832–841.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth University Medical CenterRichmondUSA