Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) as a depressive disorder that is characterized by chronic and severe irritability in children and adolescents. This condition manifests as temper outburst and irritable or angry mood that persists between outbursts.
The disorder is classified with the Depressive Disorders in DSM-5.
Development and Course
DMDD prevalence is estimated at 2–5% (APA 2013). Onset must occur before 10 years of age. Symptoms typically change as a child ages and may manifest verbally and/or behaviorally. For instance, the individual may become verbally aggressive in the form of shouting or physically aggressive (e.g., hitting or kicking others). While these outbursts are typically in response to a stimulating event, the duration and/or intensity of the outburst is out of proportion with the...
References and Readings
- Gilea, B. L., & O’Neill, R. M. (2015). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. American Counseling Association: Practice Briefs. Retrieved from https://cfl.columbusstate.edu/docs/disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder.pdf