Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

  • Kristin M. GrahamEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9174


Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association 2013) as a depressive disorder that is characterized by chronic and severe irritability in children and adolescents. This condition manifests as temper outburst and irritable or angry mood that persists between outbursts.


The disorder is classified with the Depressive Disorders in DSM-5.

Current Knowledge

Development and Course

DMDD prevalence is estimated at 2–5% (APA 2013). Onset must occur before 10 years of age. Symptoms typically change as a child ages and may manifest verbally and/or behaviorally. For instance, the individual may become verbally aggressive in the form of shouting or physically aggressive (e.g., hitting or kicking others). While these outbursts are typically in response to a stimulating event, the duration and/or intensity of the outburst is out of proportion with the...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5 ®). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Copeland, W. E., Angold, A., Costello, E. J., & Egger, H. (2013). Prevalence, comorbidity, and correlates of DSM-5 proposed disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(2), 173–179.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Gilea, B. L., & O’Neill, R. M. (2015). Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. American Counseling Association: Practice Briefs. Retrieved from https://cfl.columbusstate.edu/docs/disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA