Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hispanic/Latino Neuropsychology

  • Christine M. SalinasEmail author
  • Stephanie L. Salinas
  • Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9169

Synonyms

Latino neuropsychology

Definition

Hispanic/Latino neuropsychology is an evolving field that focuses on the culturally and linguistically competent practice and science of neuropsychology with individuals who have a Hispanic/Latino background, regardless of their language and/or country of residence (e.g., United States, Mexico, Spain, Colombia). Hispanics/Latinos are a heterogeneous group of individuals who have various ethnic/racial backgrounds, language dialect and proficiency, socioeconomic status, educational attainment and quality, religion, immigration and acculturation status, and country of origin (Salinas et al. 2016). The terms Hispanic/Latino are typically used for people living in the United States who were born in or trace their family roots to a Spanish-speaking Latin American country or Spain (Pontón and Ardila 1999).

Historical Background

Demographic Shifts in the United States

Hispanics/Latinos are the largest linguistic and ethnic minority group in the United...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine M. Salinas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stephanie L. Salinas
    • 2
  • Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
    • 3
  1. 1.Space Coast Neuropsychology CenterMelbourneUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineThe Georgia School of Professional Psychology at Argosy University-AtlantaAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for ScienceBiocruces Research InstituteBilbaoSpain