Inclusive education is an all-embracing term referring to a philosophy, process, practice, and organizational structure aimed to enhance the educational and social development of all students. Individuals with disabilities and special education needs – i.e., children with physical, mental, and developmental disabilities – are provided with opportunities to learn alongside nondisabled peers in mainstream educational contexts (Danforth and Naraian 2015; Peters 2010). Inclusivity therefore is a societal ideology and an approach to teaching that recognizes diversity and the meaningful participation of students with special needs in the general educational process (Morningstar et al. 2015; Sailor 2015). It enables all students to access resources and to fully participate in learning activities and to create optimal learning results for all students.
- Kleinert, H., Towles-Reeves, E., Quenemoen, R., Thurlow, M., Fluegge, L., Weseman, L., & Kerbel, A. (2015). Where students with the most significant cognitive disabilities are taught: Implications for general curriculum access. Exceptional Children, 81, 312–328. https://doi.org/10.1177/0014402914563697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar