Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Troxler Fading

  • Mark MennemeierEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9136

Synonyms

Image fading with retinal stabilization; Perceptual fading; Perceptual filling in; Troxler’s effect

Description

Troxler fading refers to the apparent disappearance of a visual stimulus that remains stationary on the retina. An internet search of the terms Troxler fading or Troxler’s effect will provide the reader with many examples of this intriguing phenomenon. Although Troxler fading refers to the fading of visual images and this entry focuses on visual processing as it relates to Troxler fading, it is important to note that stimulus fading occurs in other sensory modalities; therefore, Troxler fading probably represents a general process by which the nervous stimulus habituates to redundant sensory information.

Visual images that remain stationary on the retina become dim and eventually fade from one’s awareness even though they are still physically present and can be readily seen again simply by moving the eyes or moving the stimulus. Images can be stabilized on the retina...

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References and Readings

  1. Barrett, J. J., Mennemeier, M. S., Chatterjee, A., Fuhr, P. S., & Novack, T. A. (2002). Influence of reference frames on asymmetries in Troxler’s effect. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 94(1), 29–38.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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  6. Olson, J. D., Tulunay-Keesey, U., & Saleh, B. E. A. (1994). Adaptation with a stabilized retinal image: Effect of luminance and contrast. Vision Research, 34, 2907–2915.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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  8. Troxler, D. (I. P. V.). (1804). K. Himly & J. A. Schmidt (Eds.) “Über das Verschwinden gegebener Gegenstände innerhalb unseres Gesichtskreises” [On the disappearance of given objects from our visual field]. Ophthalmologische Bibliothek (in German), 2(2), 1–53.Google Scholar
  9. Tulunay-Keesey, U. (1982). Fading of stabilized retinal images. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 72, 440–447.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neurobiology and Developmental SciencesUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA