Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Vertical Neglect

  • Kenneth M. HeilmanEmail author
  • Damon G. Lamb
  • John B. Williamson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9100

One of the major neurobehavioral disorders associated with hemispheric brain damage that often prevents patients from properly interacting with their environment, or their own body, is spatial neglect. Although there are many forms or subtypes of spatial neglect, overall this disorder has been defined as “the failure to report, respond or orient to meaningful or novel stimuli presented in a portion of space (extrapersonal, peripersonal, personal and memory-representational), when this failure cannot be accounted for by either an elemental sensory or motor defect (Heilman and Valenstein 1979).”

The vast majority of studies and reports about spatial neglect have focused on horizontal (e.g., left sided) hemispatial neglect and typically when patients are assessed for neglect by using tests such as line bisection clinicians typically only present horizontal lines. Rapcsak et al. (1988), however, reported a patient with Balint's syndrome caused by bilateral parieto-occipital infarctions,...

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References

  1. Bowers, D., & Heilman, K. M. (1980). 1980 Pseudoneglect: effects of hemispace on a tactile line bisection task. Neuropsychologia, 18(4-5), 491–498.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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  8. Shelton, P. A., Bowers, D., & Heilman, K. M. (1990, Feb). Peripersonal and vertical neglect. Brain, 113(Pt 1), 191–205.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth M. Heilman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Damon G. Lamb
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • John B. Williamson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Florida College of Medicine, Center for Neurological Studies and the Research Service of the Malcom Randall Veterans Affairs Medical CenterGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Center for Cognitive Aging and Memory, McKnight Brain InstituteUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  5. 5.Brain Rehabilitation Research CenterMalcom Randall VAMCGainesvilleUSA