Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Digit Vigilance Test

  • Nicole R. NissimEmail author
  • Adam J. Woods
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9089

The term vigilance comes from the Latin word for “vigilantiam” and can be defined as a steady state of being constantly watchful, attentive, awake, and alert (Weinberg and Brumback 1990). Vigilance is heavily relied upon during situations in which humans must monitor some display in search of critical but infrequent signals (Holland 1958). For example, airline pilots must keep watch and monitor multiple displays during flight, making continuous vigilance a key aspect of their duties. In this regard, vigilance is of the utmost importance for both the safety of passengers and crewmembers while pilots navigate a complex, dynamic environment (Casner and Schooler 2015). When vigilance is lost, attention is difficult to sustain (Weinberg and Brumback 1990).

Evidence indicates that vigilance is related to but also distinct from cortical arousal. The noradrenergic reticular formation, intralaminar thalamic nuclei, basal forebrain cholinergic system, and the prefrontal cortex are all involved...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology College of Public Health and Health Professions, Center for Cognitive Aging and Memory, McKnight Brain Institute (Primary)University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyCollege of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryMcKnight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA