Paraphasia is the production of unintended phonemes, syllables, or words during the effort to speak or to name in the absence of effortful or poor articulation of speech sounds. Production errors may take several forms including substitution of a semantically related word (chair for table), a word that is phonemically related (takle for table), an unrelated word (flower for table), or a nonsense word (spodle for table). Paraphasia is frequently an associated symptom in aphasia and in some forms of dementia.
References and Readings
- Goodglass, H., Kaplan, E., & Barresi, B. (2001). The assessment of aphasia and related disorders (3rd ed.pp. 9–10). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
- Patterson, J., & Chapey, R. (2008). Assessment of language disorders in adults. In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (5th ed., p. 109). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar